The Korean War


On June 25 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea, it brought about the U.N's police action. The U.S jumped right into the war. Throughout the summer of that year the U.S. and the other involved United Nations' states worked hard to contain North Korea's fast-moving army. Assemble the forces necessary to defeat it and simultaneously begin to respond to what was seen as a global military challenge from the Communist world.

Kim Sung the communist leader or North Korea, thought the people of South Korea would welcome rule from his government. So he launched a surprise attack on South Korea, three days later the North Koreans took the Capital of South Korea, Seoul.


In the fist couple weeks of the conflict, the North Koreans met little resistance. They advanced rapidly, and bye September 10th they had pushed the South Koreans, and a small group of American forces to Busan on the southern tip of Korea.
Fifteen nations were sent to South Korea to help fight off the North Koreans, they were all under the command of Douglas MacArthur. He lead a huge counter attack, after months of heavy fighting the fight was pushed back to the 38th parallel. The fighting would remain there for the rest of the war.

Truman had told MacArthur to limit the war to Korea, he disagreed he was favoring an attack on the Chinese forces. MacArthur began making inflammatory remarks about the United States government that showed he disagreed with them. He gained support from senate member Joe McCarthy, who also led an attack on the Truman administration.
"With half a million Communists in Korea killing American men, Acheson says, 'Now let's be calm, let's do nothing'. It is like advising a man whose family is being killed not to take hasty action for fear he might alienate the affection of the murders."
In April 1951, Harry S. Truman removed MacArthur from his command of the U.N in Korea. He was removed because of the statements he made toward the United States government. McCarthy now wanted Truman to be impeached, because he claimed the president was drunk when he made his decision about MacArthur.

General MacArthur
6.8 million Americans men and women served during the Korean war. There were 54,200 deaths to Americans during hostilities, 33,700 of these deaths were actual battle deaths. There were 7,140 POW's during the war. 4,418 of these POW's returned home, 2,701 of these men did not return home after being held captive.

15 Aug 45 - Korea divided into US and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel
26 July 47 - President Truman's National Security Act creates US Department of Defense
15 Aug 48 - After supervised elections, US military government turns over power to Republic of Korea
25 Jun 50 - North Korean People's Army invades South Korea - UN calls for an end of aggression

27 Jun 50 - UN asks member countries to aid Republic of Korea - US announces intervention. North Korea attacks Seoul airfield.
28 Jun 50 - US bombers attack troops in Han River area - North Korean army captures Seoul
30 Jun 50 - President Truman orders ground forces into Korea and authorizes Air Force to bomb North Korea
5 Jul 50 - Near Osan, Task Force Smith troops fight for the first time and suffer heavy casualties
18 Jul 50 - US Cavalry lands at Pohangdong - US aircraft destroy key oil refinery in Wonsan
22 Jul 50 - Battle for Taejon ends with heavy US losses and retreat
4 Aug 50 - Pusan perimeter established in southeastern Korea
13 Aug 50 - First UN counterattack collapses
15 Aug 50 - Four-day battle of "the Bowling Alley" - UN forces hold back North Korean offensive
15 Sep 50 - Inchon landing of UN forces
29 Sep 50 - UN troops complete recapture of Seoul
7 Oct 50 - UN forces cross 38th parallel - UN sanctions defeat of North Korea and attempted reunification
14 Oct 50 - Chinese Communist troops cross Yalu River into Korea
19 Oct 50 - UN captures P'yongyang, the North Korean capital
1 Nov 50 - Chinese attack in force near Unsan
24 Nov 50 - General Douglas MacArthur's final "Home by Christmas" offensive begins
11 Dec 50 - End of Chinese strike against marine and army divisions at Chosin Reservoir - marines retreat
4 Jan 51 - Seoul captured by Chinese
25 Jan 51 - UN forces resume offensive
11 Feb 51 - Chinese counteroffensive begins north of Hoengsong
1 Mar 51 - UN line reaches between the 37th and 38th Parallels
18 Mar 51 - UN forces retake Seoul
11 Apr 51 - MacArthur recalled - General Matthew Ridgway given command
13 Jun 51 - UN forces dig in on the 38th Parallel
10 Jul 51 - Truce talks begin at Kaesong - Communists break off talks six weeks later

23 Sep 51 - UN forces take Heartbreak Ridge after 18-day battle
27 Nov 51 - Truce talks resume at Panmunjom
28 Mar 53 - North Korean and Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange
18 Apr 53 - Three-day battle of Pork Chop Hill ends in victory for UN forces
26 Apr 53 - Full peace talks resume at Panmunjom
14 Jun 53 - Communist offensive pushes Republic of Korea troops south
18 Jun 53 - South Koreans release 27,000 North Korean POWs, who refuse repatriation
25 Jun 53 - "Little Truce Talks" secure Republic of Korea's acceptance of armistice. Chinese launch massive attacks against South Korean divisions.
10 Jul 53 - Communists return to negotiations
27 Jul 53 - Cease fire signed - fighting ends 12 hours later
4 Sep 53 - Processing of POWs for repatriation begins at Freedom Village, Panmunjom

Korean War memorial


From the sky the memorial is a circle intersected bye a triangle. The triangle is a group of 19 stainless steel men, it shows a squad on patrol in Korea. The wind blown ponchos of these men show that the whether was harsh in Korea. The granite curbs all around the memorial, have the names of the countries that fought, or gave medical aid to South Korea during the war. This memorial is meant to show what the men experienced, and to bring together all the armed forces, the U.S Air Force, Marines, and Navy.

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Satler, Christopher L. North Korea. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2003. Print.

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