End of the Cold War
  • What was the Cold War?

The cold war began in 1945 between the United States and the Soviet Union. After World War 2, their alliance soon came crashing down. Even though this is called the Cold War, it was not a real war. However, this is a Proxy War, which are conflicts that are supported by countries that are not directly involved in fighting. Examples are Korea, Vietnam, the Middle East, etc. The Truman Doctrine of 1947 helped cause the war. This meant that the United States would help aid Greece and Turkey economically and militarily which helped set the date of the beginning of the Cold War.


Pictures of events happening through out the cold

war and the life people lived are expressed within the video

  • How did the Cold War End?

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The Cold War came to an end when Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, was in power. Winston Churchill tried warning America of the iron curtain that the Soviets were trying to use as a way to gain power. Anyways, the iron curtain was lifted in help of stopping the war. Althought, the iron curtain is just a metaphor to stand for the separation of the two German nations. The Soviets economy was crumbling due to a centralized bureaucratic system. He had new policies that he thought would have helped the Soviet Union's economic and financial problems. These policies were called glasnost and perestroika. Glasnost had strict censorship, but this gave the citizens the right to talk about their society's problems. Perestroika came about after the glasnost policy. This rule was announced to help end the corruption of communism. Prices rose when production cost rose, local factories were more potent, and multi-candidates (only if communist) elections were being held. Communism in Poland also fell when democratic elections came. Their Solidarity labor union went on strikes to end censorship, political repression, and religious freedom. These strikes compressed Poland's economy and on colossal destitution. Poland then changed their name back to The Republic of Poland.


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This image captures the moment of people crossing the Berlin Wall


President Reagan's speech on the Berlin Wall.
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The actions upon the Berlin Wall aided the stop of the Cold War. President Reagan challenged the Soviets power ending with the collapse of the Berlin Wall after he left office. This was the climax of the fight between East and Western Europe. When Egon Krenz fired his cabinets and opened the Berlin Wall, he made East and West Germany into one again. Soon after, the communist regime deteriorated. Because of Dwight D. Eisenhower, he smoothed the tensions in the war. He was able to attain a truce from Korea. Then he emphasized the strength of "massive retaliation" in order to ignore another world war. Eisenhower gave consent to the CIA to embark on undisclosed investigations to protect anti-Communist leaders in danger.

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This picture symbolizes the crash of communism and the closing of the Cold War.

  • Significance

The Cold War was a radical change in history. It was the separation of two certain countries, the Americans verses the Soviets. This ended the spread of communism. Also, this was not a shooting war, but simply a "war of words". The once separated German nations were now united as one. Because of this "war" America is now viewed as the superpower. America is considered the most powerful country.
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American Flag

  • Impact

The impact of the Cold War resulted with the containment policy. This policy was a way to limit and prevent Soviet expansionism. United States wanted to secure weak countries from the spread of communism. Soon this policy was re-named th Truman Doctrine after president Harry Truman. Many new counries were formed from the collapse of the Soviet Union. Also, the CIS was formed as a conclusion to the war. This stands for the Commonwealth of Independent States. The United States and Soviet Union built arsenals of atomic weapons. The Warsaw Pact and NATO was formed which were agreements to help aid each other when attacked by foreign agression. America soon became the "superpower" of the world! Even though this war cost America about eight trillion dollars in military expenses and lives of Vietnams and Koreans. But the most important impact now is that communism collapsed worldwide.

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Soviet Flag

Work Cited

"Dwight D. Eisenhower." United STates History. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2011. <http://www.u-
s-history.com/pages/h1789.html>.

Hanes, Sharon, and Richard Hanes. Cold War Primary

Sources. Farmington Hills: Thomson Gale, 2004.

305. Print.


J., Michael, Philippe , and Andrew . Timeline of the

Cold War. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2011.

<http://library.thinkquest.org/10826/timeline.htm>.

M., Keith, and Matthew W. "The End of the War." The

Cold War. Education Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Apr

2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/22059/index2.html>.



Powaski, Ronald. The Cold War. New York: Oxford
University Press, Inc., 1998. 266-269. Print.

"The End of the War." The Cold War. Suffolk

Community College, n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2011.

http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/westn/coldwar.html