Sports and Olympics:


Miracle on Ice:

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“It may just be the single most indelible moment in all of U.S. sports history,” said Sports Illustrated of Team USA's improbable gold medal run at the 1980 Winter Olympics. “One that sent an entire nation into a frenzy.” American hockey came alive on February 22, 1980, when the young untested Americans took down the powerhouse Red Machine from the USSR. The coach of the Americans was a man named Herb Brooks. Brooks was a former Olympian for the US in the 1960's. His job during the 1970's was for the University of Minnesota in which he lead them to three NCAA titles.


The American team was a bunch of young untested college kids. Brooks spent a year and half getting these kids ready and seasoning them for the Olympics. He also had numerous amount of tryouts, which include the men going through psychological testing, before selecting a roster of hundreds of prospects. Brooks knew that the European talent was a lot stronger than the USA so he emphasized speed, conditioning, and discipline. Most of the players from the team were from Boston and Minnesota USA would play a various amount of exhibition games in North America and Europe. The players on the team included Neal Broten, Dave Christian, Mark Johnson, Ken Morrow and Mike Ramsey, who would go on to impressive NHL careers. The US were underdogs and coach brooks even said that a bronze medal would be a reach.


The US finished there pool undefeated.The team that the Americans were going up against were the USSR. The USSR was the top team at lake-placid in the 1980's at the Olympics. They were on top of the world when they were put up to the test in the earlier stages of the season when they crushed the NHL all-stars 6-0 in a game. The Soviets finish undefeated as well. The US were playing their hearts out the whole entire game but still found themselves trailing 3-2 after two periods. With a little less than 9 minutes played into the third period, the Americans tied the score 3-3. With the period winding down, Mike Eruzione slap shot past the Soviet's goalie and the Americans took a 4-3 lead with 9 minutes to go. The soviet's were attacking the USA strong but Jim Craig was not letting anything get by him. With time winding down the miracle that the Americans could beat the dominant Soviets. The fans in the crowd were counting down and Al Michael's said it best "Do you believe in miracles?" "Yes!". On February 24, The United states played the Finns. Just like last game against the USSR, the American's found themselves trailing in the second period, but they came back once again and won the game 4-2 and had won the Gold Medal. The United states had won its second gold medal twenty years apart-both times won in the United States.




Munic Massacre:

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On the morning on Sept. 5, 1972, at 4:30 am five Arab terrorists that were wearing track sweat suits climbed the six-foot six-inch fence surrounding the Olympic Village. Several people had seen these 5 climbing the fence, but no one thought it was anything suspecious since athletes would sometimes hopp those fenses surrounding the area. The terrorists weapons were hidden in athletic bags. These five were met by three more men who are presumed to have obtained credentials to enter the village.

The terriorists then used stolen keys to enter two apartments being used by the Israeli team at 31 Connollystraße. Israeli wrestling referee Yossef Gutfreund heard a faint scratching noise at the door of the first apartment. When he investigated, he saw the door begin to open and masked men with guns on the other side. He shouted “Hevre tistalku! Coach Tuvia Sokolovsky and race-walker Dr. Shaul Ladany escaped and four other athletes and the two team doctors as well as Munich9.jpgdelegation head Shmuel Lalkin, managed to hide from the terriorists. At 9:30 the terriorists had told the hostages that they damanded to relaease 200 Arab prisnoners. The terriorists were led by Luttif Afif ,Yusuf Nazzal ,and junior members Afif Ahmed Hamid ,Khalid Jawad , Ahmed Chic Thaa , Mohammed Safady , Adnan Al-Gashey,and his cousin Jamal Al-Gashey.

After the helicopters landed at the air base around 10:30 p.m., the German sharpshooters attempted to kill the terrorists. And at 11am, the media was mistakenly informed that the hostages had been saved and the news was announced to a relieved Israeli public. About an hour later, a new fight had occured and one of the helicopters holding the Israelis was blown up by a terrorist grenade. The remaining nine hostages in the second helicopter were shot to death by one of the surviving terrorists. The games did continue after a memoral service that was held for the victums but Germans were critized about the lack of security that was provided at the olympics.


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One of the the greatest basketball controversy took place at the Munich Olympics in 1972. The United states had faced off against the USSR in the Gold medal game. Up to this game the US had won every gold medal game and were won 62 straight games over a 8 Olympic competitions. The game was played on September 9th. It was actually delayed one day due to the massacre of the eleven Israeli athletes.

Coming into this game both the US and the USSR had impressive records. Both winning eight straight games. Even though the USSR's record spoke for itself every expert in the world had predicted that the US would no doubt come out on top. The game was not going the way the US had planned. Seeing how they found themselves down 38-28 with ten minutes left to go. The US kept it close as the game progressed. The Game was now 49-40 after Doug Collins stole a loose ball and was fouled and was sent to the line for two shots. Collins sunk both of them and put the US up 50-49. The Soviets put the ball in play with three seconds left. The play got to half-court when the ref blew his whistle with one second left. The ref's met up and it was decided that even though the Soviets had called a illegal timeout they were allowed a second chance. The images.jpegtimekeeper at the table to put three seconds back on. The Soviets took the ball out and threw a half court shot up and they missed. The game looked like it was finally over. But then again the Soviers went to the scorers table and protested that the clock was not set back to the original three seconds. A guy who was a basketball official who had nothing to do with the game agreed with the protest. So they ordered the scoreers table to reset the clock to the original 3 seconds again. So once again the Soviets throw a half court pass and the USSR's Alexander Belov put up the game winning basket and the soviets had defeated the Americans 51-50. The US protestest and complained. They also petitioned that the IOC ( International Olympic Committee) with sworn statements by the ref's and timekeeper that the Soviet victory was indeed illegal. This contrivorsal game went under investigation for about 4 months. But in the end, the protest was denied and the Soviet Union was the gold medal winner.



Olympic Traditions:

Olympic Rings and Flags:

Each of the five Olympic rings is a different color. They represent the five continents. No ring is meant to represent any specific continent. But the Americas are treated as one continent. The rings are interlaced to represent the idea that the Olympics are universal, bringing athletes from the entire world together in one big competion. The Olympic flag places the Olympic rings on a white background. As every national flag in the world contains at least one of the flag's six colors (black, blue, green, red, yellow, white).

Anthem:



The English translation of the anthem is as follows:

  • Immortal spirit of antiquity,

  • Father of the true, beautiful and good,

  • Descend, appear, shed over us thy light

  • Upon this ground and under this sky

  • Which has first witnessed thy unperishable fame


  • Give life and animation to those noble games!

  • Throw wreaths of fadeless flowers to the victors

  • In the race and in the strife!

  • Create in our breasts, hearts of steel!


  • In thy light, plains, mountains and seas

  • Shine in a roseate hue and form a vast temple

  • To which all nations throng to adore thee,

  • Oh immortal spirit of antiquity!




Work Cited:

  • PayneLliam. 100 Greatest moments in olympic history. special centennial. Print.

"Olympic Games Traditions ." topendsports. Topend Sports Network, 09/23/2010 . Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.topendsports.com/events/summer/traditions/index.htm>. "Olympics Massacre: Munich - The real story." The independent. ©independent.co.uk , Sunday, 22 January 2006. Web. 2 May 2011. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/olympics-massacre-munich--the-real-story-524011.html.
Kozlowski , Rick. "Miracle on Ice revisited." Journal (2010): n. pag. Web. 2 May 2011. http://www.journal-news.net/page/content.detail/id/532300.html?nav=5009.


"The Heroes of 1972: ." sportshistory.us. sportshistory.us, 2003. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.sportshistory.us/1972.html>.